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Situated in the neck in front of the windpipe is actually an endocrine gland medically known as thyroid gland. It has got plentiful blood source and its normal size is just about 12-20 grams. Thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3) are definitely the 2 hormones produced by the thyroid gland. Excess or lack of these hormones will be the main predicament in thyroid diseases.

Iodine, acquired by thyroid gland off the blood, is seen as a principal element in the generation of thyroid hormones in the body. The blood iodine amount is seen as a reflection of iodine adequacy in the diet. It is vital in the normal creation of the thyroid hormones. It is the basis of thyroid diseases the moment deranged from usual range.

Thyroid hormones carry heavy effects on pretty much all body organs. Thyroid hormone is definitely crucial in the right growth and development of the unborn child during pregnancy and in infants during their development and growth. These hormones also impact the metabolic process of older people.

Many processes in the body involving energy generation and metabolism of nutrients are influenced by thyroid hormones. It also exerts multiple effects on the liver. The metabolism of stored fat can be increased by thyroid hormones and also immunity from free radicals.

The heart is also affected by thyroid hormones. Abnormal thyroid hormones are associated with heart problems that include increased or decreased heart rate, rhythm irregularities and heart failure.

Symptoms that may suggest Thyroid Disorders

Symptoms include unexplained weight loss or weight gain, palpitations, body weakness, apathy, changes in bowel movement, heat or cold intolerance and more. These symptoms depend on the thyroid hormone level's abnormality.

Types of Thyroid Disorders

Overactive Thyroid

It is a medical condition in which the thyroid gland generates excessive thyroid hormone. The condition is often called "hyperthyroidism". It's generally associated by diffuse thyroid gland enlargement.

overactive thyroid

Underactive Thyroid

It is also known as "hypothyroidism". It's the condition of having an underactive thyroid. This is a condition of thyroid hormone deficiency or insufficient thyroid hormones.

underactive thyroid

Thyroid Cancer

It's an uncommon kind of cancer. They can be classified whether they're benign or malignant.

thyroid cancer

Autoimmune Thyroid

It involves some form of malfunction from the body's immunity system, causing irritation and oftentimes destruction when the human body cannot distinguish its very own organs and tissues, and rejects them. It could appear either as hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid).